I was a Headteacher for six years at a wonderful secondary school in West London and I loved it. It was many things; a privilege; thrilling; humbling; varied; intellectually demanding; exhausting; fun; challenging; the list could go on infinitum. But it was also lonely at times and at other times incredibly stressful. Now, that’s just part of the job people will say and they’d be right. You get paid the big bucks to make the big decisions and to shoulder the responsibility that comes with that. I’ve never met a Headteacher who wasn’t up for this challenge but I have met far too many recently that are finding the weight almost too much to bare.
When I left my school in August this year, I wasn’t leaving because the job had worn me down or because I was too stressed; I wasn’t running away from something, I was running towards a choice to try something different, work with some inspirational people shaping the system and to spend some more time with my young family rather than prioritising other people’s children all the time. However, the more time I spent with Headteacher colleagues in those last few months, the more I came to realise that too many of them were near breaking point. These are good people, really talented school leaders, running great schools, driven by moral purpose to make a difference to the lives of young people but here they were, struggling to remain optimistic about their future in the role and the impact it is having on their health. So, what is it about the current climate that is having such a negative impact on an increasing number of Heads and what can be done to address it?
It’s a lonely job!
So many people said this to me when I became a Head but it wasn’t the issue I thought it would be. I know that I was lucky to work with a brilliant leadership team that shared the load. I also had a Chair of Governors that was extremely supportive especially during the difficult times and knew how to give praise to help motivate me. But most importantly, I quickly built up a network of Headteachers that I could seek counsel from when I needed it. When any one of these elements is missing, the job becomes exponentially more difficult and certainly a lot lonelier.
The diminishing role of the Local Authority has increased the feeling of loneliness and isolation for Headteachers. Standalone academies are just that, isolated islands with limited support and opportunities for networks. Even Multi-Academy Trusts, especially smaller ones, are often no more than isolated archipelagos with limited capacity or experience to provide the support that the Head needs. Many MATS are still embryonic in their development and, as such, do not yet have the systems to effectively support the Headteacher that is needed. In some MATS, Headship becomes a middle leadership role with the CEO/Executive Leader having different priorities to that of the school . They can demand the outcomes through high levels of challenge without the direct responsibility of dealing with the students, parents, staff, governors, etc. In the worst examples, Heads can feel that they are shouldering much of the responsibility without really feeling that they own the strategy and direction of the school.
The size of the job
Speaking to a Headteacher on the cusp of retirement last summer at the launch of a Future Headteacher Programme, he reflected on his twenty plus years as a school leader. I wanted his take on whether Headteachers today were perhaps just less resilient than his generation. His view was categorically ‘No’, that the job is completely different now and harder as a result. We mustn’t underestimate the job now; the sheer breadth and depth of the role now was inconceivable 10-15 years ago. Much of heavy lifting and decision making around HR, finance, health and safety, GDPR, admissions, capital projects and safeguarding lands at the door of the Headteacher which means that the focus can easily shift away from learning and the students; their specialist areas. This in itself doesn’t make the job stressful but working in the current climate of high stakes accountability, a teacher recruitment crisis and a crippling financial climate quickly builds to a perfect storm. There isn’t much more of a sinking feeling than the knock at the office door, quickly followed by the words ‘I’m not looking to leave but I’ve seen a job…’. No-one wants to lose a great member of staff and I’ve always taken great pleasure in seeing staff develop and gain promotion, however, when the overpriced advert produces tiny fields of below par applicants, it is hard to imagine how you are going to look parents and students in the eye. Partner this with the relentless cuts to school funding which are now at a critical point and it doesn’t take much before Heads start thinking that the job simply isn’t doable.
Pulling up the drawbridge
When budgets become tighter, resources scarcer and recruitment a postcode lottery, the natural inclination of Heads and MATs is to become increasingly inward facing and isolationist. This only leads to strengthen the feelings of isolation and threat as schools become less, not more, likely to collaborate.
We all know that one of the key ingredients in successful schools is the active engagement of parents in their child’s education. It can sometimes be challenging to engage some of them at all which is frustrating and potentially damaging for the child, however, increasingly there is a growing problem with some parents who feel that they can challenge every decision a school makes. Headteachers can find themselves subjected to volleys of verbal abuse, vitriolic emails at any time of the day and weekend, defamation at the hands of social media platforms, threats of legal action and rapid escalations through the complaints procedure. And all this because their child was given a one-hour detention! In my first year of Headship I had a parent who presented a one-hundred-page legal paper that he had written setting out my failures and more recently I had a parent produce a forty-two-page slide deck and demand a flip chart so that he could present us with our shortcomings! Heads must make a stand on this and refuse to tolerate the constant questioning of their professional judgement or that of their colleagues. Challenge and dialogue are positive, they can help the school reflect and refine its procedures but aggressive and subversive attacks are not.
So, what can we do?
This list is by no means exhaustive and I’m sure there are other pressures that could quite rightly jostle for a place. As we know, context is everything and no school leader’s job is the same because no two schools are the same. More important than agreeing a list of woes is what we can do about it. How do we continue to retain and attract people to this brilliant and rewarding job? How do we help to mitigate the stresses and strains and build a support network around them?
- The first is to do exactly that. We must build networks, collaborate, be outward facing and support each other. Social media is awash with ‘caped crusader heads’ who can give the impression that it all comes easy to them. We must be readier to share our failures and admit that there is so much we don’t know. The recent Twitter storm over silent corridors has been particularly unhelpful. Agree or don’t agree but for Heads to attack their colleagues so publicly for a decision they choose to make for their school is entirely unacceptable. Heads must commit to promoting a more collaborative approach locally and then more widely through school improvement networks or professional bodies, but governing boards/trusts also have a role to play in ensuring that their Head is outward facing.
- Governing boards have a duty of care to their Headteachers. What are they proactively doing to promote their well-being and support them? My governors always made sure I had a wellbeing target and a professional development target as part of my appraisal, to ensure that I was looking after myself and continuing to ‘sharpen my saw’. They also provided me with an independent leadership coach for the last five years of my headship; simply the best outlet and investment in me as a leader that I have ever had. All Headteachers should have a coach; this isn’t a ‘nice to have’, it is an essential part of their growth and mental health. If you are a governor and this isn’t yet happening at your school, ask why?
- Governors also need to empower the Head to push back against aggressive or unreasonable parents and not give them fuel by unnecessarily investigating vexatious complaints. Clearly there is a careful balance here but the pendulum has swung too far in favour of a minority of difficult parents who feel it is acceptable to undermine professional public servants who, almost without exception, have the best interests of the children in their care at heart.
- Headteachers need to invest in their professional development and not feel guilty about the cost or time investment that this involves. We all know the sense of fulfilment that good quality professional learning can provide you and ultimately it makes us better at what we do which in turn benefits the wider school. It also encourages networking and sharing of good practice which benefits the wider system.
- Finally, Headteachers must give themselves permission to be vulnerable. I recently had the pleasure of hearing two inspirational leaders share their thoughts on leadership. One was the Headteacher of a school thrust into the public gaze as a result of a national tragedy and another a Red Arrows team leader during a period of significant highs and lows. Both, independently of each other, talked about recognising their vulnerability as a leader, giving themselves permission to share that with others and giving themselves the necessary time to regenerate. Headteachers have a duty to encourage this culture in their own schools but they also have a duty to not encourage themselves to be perceived as superheroes in an indestructible cape if they are going to help pave the way for the next generation of school leaders. Future Heads need to do know that, of course, it is a hard job but it is a) doable and b) immensely rewarding as long as you have the right support network and mindset.